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SIGN UP FOR YOUR ORAL PERFORMANCE SLOT! (Dr. Denner's class only!)
А теперь.. за работу, товарищи! To work, comrades!
First, do you need to warm up for the grammar quiz? Then here. And here.
Start off with the контрольная.
On the back of the quiz, there's some familiar information about soft consonants. Remember how the system works: There are two vowel graphemes for each vowel sound. Half the Russian vowel graphemes indicate softness in the preceding consonants (я е ё ю и), and half indicate hardness (а э о у ы). (Don't forget the мягкий знак, the soft sign.) Most of the consonants that precede the "soft-inducing" vowels (and ь) are palatalized, pronounced by engaging the palate, the roof of your mouth behind your dental ridge.
Hardness is the "default" -- lacking other indication, assume that the consonant is pronounced hard.
So, the word
has a soft з (because of the following е) and a hard т (because of the following a... or more exactly, because the vowel following the т does NOT induce softness).
See! Ingenious! Twice the number of vowels (there are only five vowel SOUNDS but ten vowel GRAPHEMES), but half the number of consonants. (So many consonants! It's a great tradeoff.)
We've been working on this phonological (or is it phonetic? Probably both...) effect all semester. The exercises tell you to listen to the recording and mark the soft consonants; of course, y'all are smart, and you don't need the recording--find the "soft vowels" and you'll know the consonants that precede them are palatalized!
So, look through the dialogues, mark the soft consonants with an apostrophe. Then, listen to exercise 08-06 and 08-03, and check your work. (8-03 at 1m55s and 8-06 5m15s... sorry, the recording isn't broken up properly; just move the button to the right second in the recording.)
Pay attention to the recording, listening carefully for the soft consonants. We'll practice these tomorrow in class.
Then, пожалуйста, к столу! Come to the tables and let's work a bit more on the dative case...
HERE is a link to the sign-up sheet for our ORAL PERFORMANCE on Thursday.
HERE is a link to the portfolio assignment/oral performance assignment.