Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Второй год русского языка... Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете... Урок 4 (Week 3, Unit 4)


Не волнуйтесь!


Вы записались? Have you signed up? ORAL PERFORMANCE! Не ждите! Don't wait to sign up!

1) Пройдите контрольную работу! Take your quiz!
2) Давайте послушаем! Do the listening exercise on the хендаут. План is a borrowing from English! Происходить means "to take place" (it's a verb of motion!). Answer the questions, and then number the pictures according to their order in the narrative. 
3) Study the verb лететь... а perfectly regular 2nd conjugation verb like говорить. Notice the mutation in the я form, т--»ч. No biggie. Не волнуйтесь!




And the verbs of coming and going with the tutors! Remember the song... в в из! на на с! у к от!


Elementary Russian: Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете... Today in the lab, 30/XI/2016...


Напишите тесты! Take your grammar quiz FIRST!

Вы записались? Have you signed up for the oral performance? Do it here

А теперь... Давайте послушаем!

Listen to the first three разговоры and запишите ответы на эти вопросы (jot down the answers to these questions on one of the Lab sheets). Listen to each разговор no more than TWO TIMES! Jot down the answers on a spare sheet of paper. 

Here are the links... Разговоры: 1 2 3


When you're done, look through this Powerpoint on verbs of going, then come join us at the tables! It's very important to acquaint yourselves with these verbs!

Почитаем! At the tables, your first chore is to read with a partner диалог 5 from уорк 5. I have all this on a хэндаут at the tables. We'll also start to work on verbs of motion like идти and ходить...

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Elementary Russian: Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете... Language Lab for 4/XI/2015 (Урок 4, неделя 2)

Сначала... First things first. 

Your portfolio assignment for Unit 4, including the устное выступление (c), the oral performance. 

Сегодня вечером! В 18 часов! В Стетсонском зале! 
Ансамбль русского народного танца, музыки и песни «Барыня». Tonight! In the CUB (Stetson Room, 2nd floor)... The Russian dance ensemble BARYNYA!


1) Напишите тест! Take your quiz, контрольная по новым словам... Have me check it! Я проверю ее. 

2) Давайте послушаем! Let's listen... Наденьте наушники! Put on your headphones and get ready! (You'll write this on the obverse of your quiz...)

You're about to listen to an address by the декан (dean) at  Казанский государственный университет (Kazan State University). (Kazan is an ancient city, the capital of Tatarstan in SW Russia, on the Volga...) The assistant dean’s remarks can be broken up into a number of topic areas. Before you listen to the talk, look through the topics below (1-7). 

What order do you think these seven topics will occur?

 1.  composition of the student body
 2.  foreign students
 3.  foreign students from North America
 4.  good-luck wishes
 5.  opening welcome
 6.  structure of the university
 7.  things that make this school different from others

Listen to the talk. It's about 5 minutes. On the back of your quiz, jot down the order in which the seven topics were actually discussed. (Just write down the numbers of the topics from above in the order they appeared.)

Listen to the talk again with these questions in mind. You might not know the word for thousand, тысяча or тысяч. Also, Tatar, татарский язык, is an Altaic (Turkic) language.
1.  How many departments does the university have?
2.  How big is the library?
3.  Name five things that students can major in.
4.  Name at least one language department that was mentioned.
5.  How many students are there?
6.  What department hosts most of the students from the United States and Canada?

Listen to the talk. Jot down the answers to the questions above on the back of your quiz.

Finally... The lecturer mentions the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), a loose political entity made up of many of the republics of the former Soviet Union.
How many of them can you list from the talk? You can check your answers here.

3) At tables, we'll talk about the three verbs that all mean "to study" in Russian. Take a second and review the forms of заниматься, учиться, изучать...



The verbs заниматься and изучать are both "-ай-" class, 1st conjugations verbs, like знать and понимать. Remember the rules about reflexives for заниматься: -ся after consonants, -сь after vowels, thus занимаюсь but занимаешься.



Учиться is a perfectly regular 2nd conjugation very like говорить. (Except, notice the shift in stress.) It, too, has a reflexive particle: -ся after consonants (учился), -сь after vowels (училась).



Please note which verbs MUST have a direct object and which CANNOT: Изучать must have a direct object (you need to study SOMETHING). But заниматься and учиться cannot have a direct object (no accusative object). You can do them in places ("I study in the library! I'm a student at Stetson! Я занимаюсь в библиотеке! Я учусь в Стетсонском университете!")... but you cannot (for now at least) do them to things.



Remember: Так интересно!

Второй год. Second-Year Russian: Урок 4, Гостиница. Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете... (Unit 4, Week 2)


(It's great to be a student, just this studying interferes!)



Сегодня вечером! В 18 часов! В Стетсонском зале! 

Ансамбль русского народного танца, музыки и песни «Барыня». Tonight! In the CUB (Stetson Room, 2nd floor)... The Russian dance ensemble BARYNYA!


1) Напишите тест! Take your vocabulary quiz...
2) За компьютером. Наденьте наушники и.... подготовьтесь! Put on your headphones and... GET READY! (See the imperative there? ПОДГОТОВЬТЕСЬ! НАДЕНЬТЕ! Get ready! Put on! Second conjugation, positive, perfective, stem-stressed verbs end in -ь!)... 

Sorry. Distracted. Do the listening exercise on the хендаут. Вот вам сылка. (It's supposed to sound like airport announcements... in my experience, it sounds nothing like airport announcements. There you go!)

Answer the questions on the sheet. If you want to do this with me in the hall, we can. 

Some useful vocab for this exercise... Вам поможет, наверное, эти слова...
  • Посадка--boarding
  • Адлер--название города в районе Сочи. 
  • Рейс--Flight
  • Вас про́сит!--They're asking for you!
  • Зал прибытия--like... arrival gate?
  • Таможное отделение--Customs
  • Регистрация--угадайте! You guess...
3) Работа за столами! Better than под столом! Take a look at this guide to "time when" phrases... 




Я родился в тысяча девятьсот семьдесят седьмом году!  (See?! в plus the PREPOSITIONAL!)

Wednesday, November 9, 2016

Второй год. Second-Year Russian: Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете... Урок 4 Неделя 1. Родительный падеж.

Сначала... Your material for next week's VOCABULARY QUIZ!

А теперь...
Давайте послушаем! Прослушайте разговор между руководителем и администратором. Ответьте--да или нет! Listen to the conversation between the American and the Russian hotel manager. On your handout, mark да или нет (true of false). Получать means "to receive," забронировать "to reserve"... and на пять дней means "for five days." Oh, and США (СэША) means USA. 

На обороте! On the flipside... Two things. 1) With the tutors, review the formation of the genitive case. Remember that family members and friends are often irregular. 




But generally, the genitive plural is pretty straightforward... Вообщем, правила образования родительного падежа очень простые! S4N, N4S! 



KILL VOWEL!

2) And, "the rules of counting"... which you already know. 1+nominative; 2, 3, 4 + genitive singular; 5+ gets genitive plural. The NEW information pertains to modifiers... What happens when you say "three big bottles of vodka" or "five dancing naked bears"? 

Пройдите упражнения с репетиторами! Go through the exercises with the tutors! Finish them at home. 

Elementary Russian: Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете... Unit 4 Week 1 (Урок 4 Неделя 1)




First off... Снагала! Here's the material from Memrise for your Vocabulary quiz in one week (next Wednesday, in lab!)

Еще поработаем! Let's work a little! Вот что будем делать... A little listening, read a dialogue, do a little grammar at the tables. 

Давайте послушаем! Let's have a listen to the three разговоры. Here are the links for the recordings: Разговор 1 Разговор 2 Разговор 3

Some words to know... Как по-английски будет...
  • In the first conversation, you need to know the acronym США, Соедененные Штаты Америки--USA USA USA! It sounds like СэШа.
  • Тhe words сосед, neighbor and 
  • Простите, excuse me. 
  • Don't forget in the second conversation that библиотека  means library! 
  • The phrase in the third conversation Я вас не по́нял means "I didn't understand you" and 
  • стажёр, a word that means "visiting student," someone doing study abroad.


Listen to each recording no more than three times and try to answer the following questions. Jot down your answers sheet provided.  I'll check them in your portfolio! Remember: The goal isn't to get them all right (though that's certainly a worthwhile goal!). The goal is to get you to listen, intentionally and carefully. You only get better at something with practice. Русские говорят... Повторение, мать учения. Repetition is the mother of learning. I always joke Повторение, мать мучения. Repetition is the mother of being tortured! 

The listening should take no more than ten minutes. 


When you're done, find a partner or me and read диалог 5. Figure out the following from the dialogue: Как по-руссски... (For your quiz next Wednesday! From Подготовка к разговору, 4-6)

- State that you missed something that was said.
- Ask and answer who takes a certain subject.

Do you remember... How do you respond to a compliment? How do you ask and answer questions about what courses someone is taking? How do you say that you don't know what your major is? (These are all questions from Подготовка к разговору 4-6 and will appear on your quiz next Wednesday.)


Когда вы закончите... When you're done... join me or the репетитор at the tables for a little grammar work. Not much, just some more practice with the verb учиться, to be a student. Notice that it's a second-conjugation verb, like говорить, with a reflexive particle, either -ся or -сь, depending on the final consonant of the conjugated form. If the form ends in a consonant (or soft sign), it gets -ся, if it ends in a vowel, it gets -сь. учусь but учится. 




Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Второй год русского языка Second Year Russian, Лингафонный кабинет... Ням ням! | Unit 3 Week 3


Мало работы на сегодня, ребята! Во-первых... напишите тест по грамматике! Тогда, «Давайте послушаем» Let's have a little listen... Working with the tutors, FIRST make sure you understand the statements, then listen to the recording... А что сказал товарищ Базаров? What, in fact, did Mr. Bazarov say?

Давайте послышаем упр. 3-40



SIGN UP for your ORAL PERFORMANCE! I'm closing this document tonight (Wednesday) and anyone who has NOT signed up will... FAIL. (Sad music plays, teacher shakes head...)


Тогда, пошевелим мозгами! Let's wiggle our brains a bit... The exercise the tutors will help you with: Making negative commands. 

NOW IS THE TIME! Get your домашка checked! Work with me and the tutors on next week's Oral Performance (OP (c)) assignment!

Elementary Russian: Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете... Умей тусить! | Unit 3 Week 3

На сегодня... Take your grammar quiz! Напишите тест по грамматике! Итак...

Закончили? (you've finished already?) Окей, теперь́́́: Do two brief listening exercises: The link for 3-32 Реклама is here. И вот линк на 3-33 На каком языке?


SIGN UP for your ORAL PERFORMANCE! I'm closing this document tonight (Wednesday) and anyone who has NOT signed up will... FAIL. (Sad music plays, teacher shakes head...)

When you're finished, come hang with us at the tables! Мы будем тусить! We'll hang out, and do a short exercise on the prepositional case... Во что вы одеты? What are you wearing??? Я в новом жорошем синем пиджаке!


Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Второй год... Лингафонный кабинет, Глава 3... Неделя 2. (SECOND YEAR, Unit 3 Week 2)

ОК, ребята... за работу! To work, to work! Work, so Stalin says THANK YOU!


1) Напишите тест по новым словам (Take the quiz!)
2) Возьмите хендаут.... и... Давайте послушаем... если вам будет трудно, то мы вместе сможем поработать над ним. разговор стаксистом... A conversation with a taxi driver! Get a handout, and... Listen! And, if it proves difficult, we can work a bit on it together... You'll find the questions on your lab handout. Вот линк на запись... Link to the recording. 
3) Садитесь за стол! Поработаем вместе! Come to the tables, find a tutor or me, and let's work a bit on verbs of motion... Take a look at this flowchart that you all know well... All we're adding today is the FUTURE and PAST perfective forms for these verbs, пойти-поехать (that's по- added more or less directly to the words unidirectional verbs ехать и идти--the conjugations are the same... пое́ду, пойду | пое́дешь, пойдёшь...). 
4) The grammar quiz NEXT WEDNESDAY: The first part is based CLOSELY on Ex. 8 (ходить - ездить / идти - ехать Fill in the blank) that we're doing at the tables today. Know how to say that you are going somewhere on some form of transportation. Remember: пешком is ON FOOT, without any additional prepositions! Additionally, there are lexical/grammatical expressions having to do with location (рядом, далеко от, слево от...). You'll find those on the handout, and we'll practice them in class on Tuesday. 
5) Here's my mind-map of verbs of motion... It's really just a set of binary decisions... Yes or no?
6) Finally, sign up for your oral performance in pairs here. И вот линк на запись стихов, которые вам надо выучить... (Link to a recording of the poem BICYCLE, which you'll need to memorize for the quiz.) 

Elementary Russian | Сегодня в лингaфонном кабинете... | Unit 3 Week 2... Какие языки вы знаете?

In this unit, we're using a few important Power Points that explain the formation and use of the prepositional case, and another couple that describe the "single stem system" of verb conjugations. Here they are

You must sign up for your Oral Performance (in pairs!). Запишите в парах! Клкините здесь !

Что сегодня наготове... What's in store today...

1) >>>Take the vocabulary quiz!<<<
2) At a computer station, do the listening exercise below on числительные--it reviews numbers to the hundreds. You'll find the worksheet in your lab handout. Remember that Russians pay for things in рубли (the plural of рубель, roooble), and you'll hear various forms of the word like рубль, рубля, рублей. These are just different case forms--don't worry about them! Concentrate on catching the numbers.
3) Contemplate the forms of говорить, which conjugates JUST LIKE the other verbs we've studied, except the vowels change a bit. (BELOW!)


4) Look through the Power Putin on Prepositional. Don't you love Power Putins??

5) Come to the tables, we'll work through some exercises on the Prepositional. 

The whole kit and caboodle shouldn't take more than 45 minutes. (Kit and caboodle in Russian is "wagon and cart, ваго́н и ма́ленькая теле́жка.")

Итак... 1) Listen and read along as the диктор reads numbers 1-50. Here is the recording.


Now do this exercise, jotting down the prices the handout. I only want you to do the first 13. Don't listen more than three times. Here are the questions (they're also on the handout).

*****
When you're done with the числительные (numbers), consider the verb говори́ть, to speak. It is very similar to verbs like читать, знать, жить that we've already studied, the sole difference being the vowel  in the ending. Сравните!



читать
говорить
я
читаю
говорю
ты
читаешь
говоришь
он
читает
говорит
мы
читаем
говорим
вы
читаете
говорите
они
читают
говорят

In говорить and other verbs ending in -ить, the ending vowel is -и- where there's a -е- in verbs like читать that end in -ать. The они form is -ят instead of -ют.

****
Finally: We have a lot of grammar left! Look through this PowerPoint on the prepositional case. We've already encountered it: Я живу во Флориде. Иван живёт в Москве. Now, we'll learn how to change modifiers so they reflect the function and gender of the nouns. Read through the presentation a couple of times, and work with me or the tutor on the exercises.

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Второй год... Second Year Russian: Language lab, Unit 3, Week 1...

Здравствуйте, студенты! Вы наверное уже уехали... и сейчас сидите, в пижаме... работаешь дома! Это удалённая работа! It's distance learning! Working from home...



Окей! За работу! Сначала... Download this handout.

Давайте послушаем! Let's listen. Read along and fill in answers to the following two dialogues.
1. Можно пройти пешком?
2. Как туда попасть?

Ответьте на вопросы (на хендауте)... И найти фразы-переводы в 3-7 (диалоги). Answer the questions to the dialogues on the handout. Then find the phrases in the dialogues that match the ones in 3-7 Подготовка к разговору. These phrases (and others!) will be on your vocab quiz next Wednesday.

Wheh. Finally. Да уж! You're telling me! In the final exercise на хендауте, take items from each column and make complete sentences... I go to work on the bus! Ура ура! Remember: Can you do it in the bathroom? Destinations are ACCUSATIVE. Modes of transportation always use на + PREPOSITIONAL.

Your vocabulary quiz next Wednesday (26 Oct) . 
Your grammar quiz (2 Nov).

Elementary Russian: Лингафонный кабинет... Распорядок дня! Что будем делать сегодня...Урок 3 Неделя 1 Unit 3 Week 1 Какие языки вы знаете?

Привет! Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете... ОК... Вас нет! Всё в порядке! Это называется УДАЛЁННАЯ РАБОТА... Remote working... working from home, работа на дому... 

Material for Unit 3 vocabulary quiz for next Wednesday (Oct 26) is here

Grammar material is forthcoming...  

А теперь... распорядок дня! Что будем делать? And now, our plans... What are we going to do? 
  1. Распечатайте этот хендаут... Print out this document. Four pages! You can also pick up a copy from the SPREES Center. 
  2. За компьютером... Listen to two разговоры (conversations) and answer questions that you find on the first page of the handout... Listen to each разговор three times! No more, no fewer! Jot down the answers on the хэндаут that you printed in #1. Разговор 2Разговор 3 (15 minutes)
  3. Прослушайте и прочитайте про себя Диалог 4. (Listen to & read to yourself Dialog 4.) The dialogue is on the handout, too! Now, draw lines from the English phrases below the dialogue (#4, 5, 7, 8, 9) to the corresponding Russian in the dialogue. Where in the dialogue, for instance, do you learn how to praise someone's language ability? 
  4. Work through the хэндаут on verbs that's in the document from #1 above. It's on verbs. Try to conjugate the verb изучать, then write out the answers to Oral Drills 1, 2, and 3. 
So, right? Понятно? You have to listen to a couple разговоры and answer the questions. Then listen to a dialogue and identify the Russian phrases. And, finally, do the verb exercises. Turn this in at the start of class on THURSDAY.

Here's a beautiful, lighthearted song and video by the Russian group ДДТ....

Что такое осень - это небо,
Плачущее небо под ногами.

What's fall? It's a sky,
A weeping sky beneath your feet...



Monday, October 17, 2016

A really useful tool for learning Russian... Add stress marks to Russian text!

http://russiangram.com/

What is this?

RussianGram.com helps you read and understand Russian by automatically adding stress marks and dots above the letter Ё. Just copy and paste some Russian text into the box above and click Annotate.

The Russiangram App

Wish all web pages had stress marks? You are a few clicks away from making this possible. Get our new browser extension from the Google Chrome web store. Completely free. Get the app.

Wow. 


Sunday, October 2, 2016

Second Year Russian Unit 2 Week 3

УВАЖАЕМЫЕ СТУДЕНТЫ!
SECOND-YEAR RUSSIAN!

Сначала... review the conjugation of the verbs HERE. (10 min)

Теперь, напишите квиз! Now, take your easy grammar quiz! (10 min)

Now, sign up for your Устное выступление your ORAL PERFORMANCE here

On the back... На обороте.... Look! (30 min)

Наденьте наушники и прослушайте передачу Радионяни!

Put on your headphones and listen! Радионяня now means "baby monitor" in Russian. But it used to be a radio program for kids...  Everyone "of a certain age" (my age!) knows these episodes. If you're over, say, thirty-five, you grew up with Радионяня at home. The song that starts every episode goes...

Мы рады вас приветствовать, товарищи ребята!Конечно, если дома вы, а не ушли куда-то.
We're happy to see greet you, comrade children!  
If you're at home, of course, and haven't gone somewhere...

The rhyme of куда-то and ребята is an excellent rhyme!

Give the song a listen here.

Now listen to a segment: Давайте послушаем program

On the back of your quiz, jot down the answers (in Russian... or English if you have to) to the four questions. Клёво! It's great. Смешно... Very funny! Смешно, а серьёзно! Funny, but serious... as it always was and ever shall be in Russia.

This will take you about half an hour... Трудно! Я знаю! 

When you're done... Come to the tables and ask us questions! Get some additional help on aspect and verb conjugations. 




Весёлые уроки! Cheerful lessons! Lessons in Happiness!

You can listen to more more episodes of Радионяня here. 

Сегодня в лингафонном кабинете! Unit 2 Week 3 Elementary Russian

Day two, Week three, Unit 2. Listening and Этот vs. Это 

Добрый день! Рад вас видеть! Good day! Nice to see you. 



Russian voters recently went to the polls to elect the 450 members of the country’s lower house, the Duma. It was a crushing victory for the pro-Putin United Russia party, which might (paradoxically) end up being a bad thing for Putin. Go read an in-depth analysis by Stetson's own Dr. Huskey.

OK, к делу! To the business at hand... First, take the quiz!

Now, sign up for your Устное выступление your ORAL PERFORMANCE here.

On the back of the quiz, you will find two listening exercises, Давайте послушаем! Let's Listen! The first, 2-38 магазин-салон, just listen to find out the PRICES of each item, which you can scratch below the picture. The second, 2-39 Магазин <<Мода>> , just answer briefly the 3 questions. Listen carefully for the words you understand and make your judgments accordingly.


Finally, наконец, check out this great Prezi I made on the differences between two similar words, Это ("This is, that is, these are", the all-purpose introduction) and этот (the demonstrative "this" or "that" as in "this car and that cat"). At the tables, we'll work through a brief exercise that will help you to understand proper use and formation... 


Finally, finally, наконец-то... go "LIKE" (поставить ЛАЙК!) the SPREES Facebook page! 


If The Rock can get 500 likes, we should be able to get 2000, правда?

Thursday, August 25, 2016

Welcome to SPREES | Thursday September 1 5:30 pm in SPREES house | meet the faculty & students


Песенка про азбуку!


A great ABC song--almost every letter (not ъ ь ы, but that's because words cannot start with these letters!) corresponding with the first letter in an animal's common name. You should memorize this song!

Wednesday, May 4, 2016

Moika Palace


Spb 06-2012 Moika various 03.jpgThe palace was first built around 1770 by the French architect Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe. Over the years numerous well-known architects worked on the palace, producing a variety of architectural styles. A. Mikhailov reconstructed the building during the 1830s when the Yusupovs became owners of the building. This was the period that the palace achieved its present-day appearance. From 1830 to 1917, the palace belonged to the House of Yusupov, an immensely wealthy family of Russian nobles, known for their philanthropy and art collections. Thus in the time of Imperial Russia, the palace became known as the Yusupov Palace. The luxurious interiors of the palace were not inferior to those of contemporary royal palaces. More than 40,000 works of art, including works by Rembrandt, jewelry, and sculptures decorated the palace. Following the Russian Revolution, the Yusupov art collections were nationalized and relocated in the Hermitage and other museums. Ernst Friedrich von Liphart, who was the curator of paintings at the Hermitage, had earlier painted the curtain and ceiling of the palace theatre. The palace is most famous, however, because of the actions of Prince Felix Yusupov, heir to the vast Yusupov family estates including four palaces in St. Petersburg. The palace on the Moika was the prince’s favorite residence in the capital. The exact events surrounding Rasputin's death are still in dispute. What seems clear is that on 30 December [O.S. 17 December] 1916, Felix Yusupov, along with Vladimir Purishkevich and Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich invited Grigori Rasputin to the Moika Palace. He took Rasputin to a small but lavishly furnished cellar room of the palace. There he served Rasputin red wine. When Rasputin was affected, Yusupov retrieved a revolver and shot Rasputin from the side. Taking him for dead, Yusupov went upstairs to where the other conspirators waited in a ground floor study/drawing room. Rasputin succeeded in fleeing through a side door into a gated courtyard which opened onto the street outside. Purishkevich then shot Rasputin in the back, on the doorstep. The body was taken inside and a third bullet, fired at close range, entered his forehead. The conspirators wrapped Rasputin in a broadcloth, drove outside the city and threw the body into the Malaya Neva.

Tuesday, May 3, 2016

Unit 10 Blog Post Chris H

Life Changing Inventions Made in Russia
  1. The Helicopter: Igor Sikorsky, in 1910 created the prototype of a rotor-driven device, which successfully got off the ground. In 1912, he created the first hydroplane in the world and then the first multiple-engine aircraft. After the 1917 Revolution in Russia, he had to emigrate to the US, where he established his own company, Sikorsky Aero Engineering Company, using a contribution from remarkable Russian composer Sergei Rachmaninoff. Sikorsky’s first experimental helicopter designed in the United States got off the ground in September 1939. The design of that machine, which has been considered a classic helicopter design for more than fifty years now, has been used for almost 95% helicopters built around the world. In 1942, Sikorsky created a two-seater helicopter. 
  2. Radio: Alexander Popov, a professor of physics, announced the invention of a system for wireless communications at a lecture at St Petersburg University in April 1885 and displayed the world’s first radio set. He was unable to publish his work though because he worked for a military institution. Italian Guglielmo Marconi conducted similar experiments at about the same time – his article was published in 1897. Unlike Popov’s, Marconi’s invention was commercialized fast, so they still argue in the West over who invented radio first.
  3. Video Tape Recorder: Alexander Poniatoff (Poniatov), a student of the founding father of Russian aviation Nikolay Zhukovsky, started the Ampex company in the United States and worked there in the 1950s. The company succeeded in producing the first quality video signal recorder. Ampex kept its lead in the market for professional magnetic recording of video for half a century and global electronics giants had to use Poniatoff’s patents to produce home video equipment.
  4. Solar Cells: It is owing to discoveries by Russian physicist Alexander Stoletov that we enjoy television today. In the late 1880s, he produced a theoretical justification of photoelectric effect through a series of experiments. Photoelectric effect formed the basis for the production of solar cells, which are broadly used in practice now. Stoletov created the first solar cell based upon outer photoelectric effect and discovered the proportionality between the intensity of light and photo induced current.
  5. Synthetic Rubber: The first commercially viable artificial rubber was polybutadiene resin, synthesized by the method developed by Russian chemist Sergei Lebedev. He obtained the first specimens of synthetic rubber in 1910. His book “Research in polymerization of by-ethylene hydrocarbons”, printed in 1913, provided the foundations for commercial artificial rubber synthesis.

Monday, May 2, 2016

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky

И́горь Фёдорович Страви́нский
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky

Весна священная
The Rite of Spring

Ballet and orchestral concert work by Stravinsky.
Written for the 1913 Paris season of Sergei Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes company.
The original choreography was by Vaslav Nijinsky, with stage designs and costumes by Nicholas Roerich.

Stravinsky was a young, virtually unknown composer when Diaghilev recruited him to create works for the Ballets Russes. The Rite was the third such project, after the acclaimed Firebird (1910) and Petrushka (1911). The concept behind The Rite of Spring, developed by Roerich from Stravinsky's outline idea, is suggested by its subtitle, "Pictures of Pagan Russia in Two Parts."

Stravinsky's score contains many novel features for its time, including experiments in tonality, metre, rhythm, stress and dissonance. Analysts have noted in the score a significant grounding in Russian folk music, a relationship Stravinsky tended to deny. The music has influenced many of the 20th-century's leading composers, and is one of the most recorded works in the classical repertoire.

The premiere was May 29, 1913