Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Elementary Russian | Сегодня в лингaфонном кабинете... | Unit 3 Week 2... Какие языки вы знаете?

In this unit, we're using a few important Power Points that explain the formation and use of the prepositional case, and another couple that describe the "single stem system" of verb conjugations. Here they are

You must sign up for your Oral Performance (in pairs!). Запишитесь в парах!

Stetson: Кликните здесь сейчас!
ERAU: Кликните здесь сейчас!


Что сегодня наготове... What's in store today...

1) >>>Take the vocabulary quiz!<<<
2) At a computer station, do the listening exercise below on числительные--it reviews numbers to the hundreds. You'll find the worksheet in your lab handout. Remember that Russians pay for things in рубли (the plural of рубль, roooble), and you'll hear various forms of the word like рубль, рубля, рублей. These are just different case forms--don't worry about them! Concentrate on catching the numbers.

3) Contemplate the forms of говорить, which conjugates JUST LIKE the other verbs we've studied, except the vowels change a bit. (See BELOW!)

4) Look through the Power Putin on Prepositional. Don't you love Power Putins??

5) Come to the tables, we'll work through some exercises on the Prepositional. 

The whole kit and caboodle shouldn't take more than 45 minutes. (Kit and caboodle in Russian is "wagon and cart, ваго́н и ма́ленькая теле́жка.")

Итак... 1) Listen and read along as the диктор reads numbers 1-50. Here is the recording.

Now do this exercise, jotting down the prices the handout. I only want you to do the first 13. Don't listen more than three times. Here are the questions (they're also on the handout).


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When you're done with the числительные (numbers), consider the verb говори́ть, to speak. It is very similar to verbs like читать, знать, жить that we've already studied, the sole difference being the vowel  in the ending. 
Important rule! There are only two conjugational patterns in Russian, 1st (mostly verbs ending in -ать) and 2nd conjugation (mostly verbs ending in -ить). 

Сравните! 



читать (1st conjugation)
говорить (2nd)
я
читаю
говорю
ты
читаешь
говоришь
он
читает
говорит
мы
читаем
говорим
вы
читаете
говорите
они
читают
говорят

In говорить and other verbs ending in -ить, the ending vowel is -и- where there's a -е- in verbs like читать that end in -ать. The они form is -ят instead of -ют. 

What's important to take away: There are only two conjugational patterns in Russian, 1st and 2nd conjugation. And these two patterns have very similar endings, they differentiate ONLY IN THE VOWELS. 

Comparing first and second conjugational patterns, we can note: Vowels change, consonants stay the same. 

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Finally: We have a lot of grammar left in this unit! Look through this PowerPoint on the prepositional case. We've already encountered it: Я живу во Флориде. Иван живёт в Москве. Now, we'll learn how to change modifiers so they reflect the function and gender of the nouns. 

Read through the presentation a couple of times, and work with your professor or the tutors on the relevant grammar exercises (handout) at the tables. 

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